SOL # 1.5 Animal Needs, Living Processes & Living Systems

Blueprint Categories (subsumed)


The student will investigate and understand that animals, including humans,

have basic needs and certain distinguishing characteristics.


Key concepts include:


 a) basic needs include adequate air, food, water, shelter, and space (habitat);

  b) animals, including humans, have many different physical characteristics; and

 c) animals can be classified according to a variety of characteristics


Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic


Force, Motion, Energy, and Matter


Living Processes and Living Systems


Earth/Space Systems and Cycles


Prior Knowledge

Previous/Related SOL


Words and Definitions


Students should already know:

-difference between living and non-living

-living objects grow, move, respond to environment, and babies.

-living things have needs

  1. habitat

  1. wild

  1. tame

  1. land

  1. water

  1. need

  1. shelter

  1. animal coverings (scales, fur, skin, feathers)

  1. animal appendages







Trade Books

SMARTBoard & Video

Study Guides


How Animals Eat By: Pamela Hickman


Animals in the Zoo By: Allan Fowler


Animal Homes  By: Angela Wilkes


Actual Size By: Steve Jenkins


Scales By: Cassie Mayer


Fur By: Cassie Mayer


I See a Kookaburra By: Steve Jenkins


Water Habitats  By:Molly Aloian


Land Habitats By: Bobbie Kalman


The Hidden Forest  By:Jeannie Baker


Salamander Room  By: Anne Mazer







National Zoo website

Animal Cracker Habitat Sort

Animal Detectives


Magic School Bus: Ocean Habitat




Lesson: All About Animals

Lesson: Classifying Animals


Other Resources

Crafts & Activities:

1.   Make a Camouflage Fish


2.   Animal Appendage Sort


3. Land and Water Animal Sort




Curriculum Framework 2010


(Teacher Notes)


· Animals, including people, have basic life needs, including air, food, water, and a suitable place to live.

· Body coverings include hair, fur, feathers, scales, and shells.

· Appendages are parts, such as arms, legs, wings, fins, and tails, that extend from the main body and that have specific functions. Students do not need to know the term appendage. The focus should be on the concept, not the terminology.

· Methods of movement may include walking, crawling, flying, and swimming.

· Simple ways to classify animals are whether they are wild or tame and whether they live on land or in water

· In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students should be able to:

· Make and communicate observations of live animals, including people, about their needs, physical characteristics, and where they live.

· Describe the life needs of animals, including air, food, water, and a suitable place to live.

· Identify and chart simple characteristics by which animals can be classified, including body coverings (hair, fur, feathers, scales, and shells), body shape, appendages (arms, legs, wings, fins, and tails), methods of movement (walking, crawling, flying, and swimming), wild or tame, and water homes or land homes.

· Distinguish between wild animals (raccoon, hawk, squirrel, shark) and tame animals (dog, cat, sheep) and recognize examples of each.

· Infer types of animal homes (water or land), using the physical characteristics of the animals, such as scales and fins that allow fish to live and move in water or fur and legs that allow dogs to live and move on land.

· Classify animals by where they live (their homes)