Objective: No. 5.1

The student will define the structure and function of the endocrine system.*  

Content

Teaching Information/Resources

Responsibility

The basic parts of the endocrine system (pituitary gland and adrenal glands) and their functions are introduced.

* Gender separate classes when appropriate.


The pituitary gland, located beneath the brain, produces hormones that control physical growth and the maturing of the sex glands.

Nurse


Objective: No. 5.2

The student will identify the human reproductive organs in relation to the total anatomy.*  

Content

Teaching Information/Resources

Responsibility


Emphasis is placed on the male reproductive organs:  penis, testicles, scrotum, and urethra; and on the female reproductive organs:  uterus, ovaries, vagina, and fallopian tubes.  The reproductive organs are explained in relation to total human anatomy.







* Gender separate classes when appropriate.

Display charts of the reproductive systems and have students label parts on a worksheet.

It is important for girls to understand the location and function of female reproductive organs:
•-Labia, vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries

It is important for boys to understand the location and function of male reproduction organs:
•-Penis, scrotum, testicles, urethra, nocturnal emissions, ***********, erection


Nurse


Objective: No. 5.3

The student will explain how human beings reproduce.*  

Content

Teaching Information/Resources

Responsibility


Instruction includes the uniting of the sperm and the egg and the development of the unborn child inside the uterus.  The development of the baby at different stages is illustrated.










* Gender separate classes when appropriate.













How does conception and pregnancy occur?

•-fertilization
•-implantation
•-cell division

Embryo to 8 weeks

Fetus to 9 months to birth

Review overhead on the union of male and female cells.

Definition of intercourse- joining of male sexual organ (penis) inside vagina - commonly referred to as sex.

Sperm cells are the reproductive cells capable of "fertilizing" a female "egg cell" or ovum.

Video:  A Baby Is Born

This program explains human reproduction, including information about conception, pregnancy, fetal growth and development, and genetics.  It describes various human physical characteristics, explains how and why sex cells and hormones are produced and relates this to the biological process of fertilization.

Nurse


Objective: No. 5.4

The student will recognize the relationship between the physical changes that occur during puberty and the developing capacity for reproduction.*  

Content

Teaching Information/Resources

Responsibility


Physical changes that occur during puberty are summarized.  Topics included are nocturnal emissions and erections; menstruation; instability of emotions, such as mood swings during puberty; development of a positive attitude toward one's sexuality; and the relationship between changes during puberty and one's ability to conceive and bear children.






* Gender separate classes when appropriate.













The average age of the onset of puberty in girls is 12.5 years. Boys generally develop about 2 years later.

There are always individual differences in growth patterns in boys and girls.

Topics for discussion - males

Some changes that occur:

•- shoulders broaden
•- Arms and legs lengthen
•- Body hair increases (underarm area, pubic area, face, arms, legs)
•- Voice changes occur as vocal chords lengthen

As boys mature their sweat glands also begin to work.

Emphasize good hygiene to control or prevent:

•- body odor
•- Athlete's foot
•- Acne - may not be prevented, but can be controlled with good hygiene and some medications

Topics for discussions - females

Some physical changes that occur:

•- breast begin to develop
•- hips become wider and rounder
•- Auxiliary and pubic hair appears
•- Growth spurt - arms and legs lengthen
•- Sweat glands begin to work
•- Body odor
•- Acne
•-Menstruation begins

The menstrual cycle results from the sloughing of extra tissue, blood and fluid out of the uterus.  This occurs each month after an "egg cell" has been released from the ovary and has passed through the uterus without being "fertilized" by a male sperm cell.


Cycle may begin as early as 9 or as late as 17.

•- cycle may be irregular at first

•- stress importance of cleanliness, good nutrition, exercise, and rest

Hormones effect emotions, and while it is important to recognize and understand emotions, it is also important to learn how to express them appropriately.

Some examples of behavior related to emotions are:

•-s hyness
•- getting upset easily
•- showing off
•- being a "bully"

•- acting "boy crazy"
•- having a "crush" on a teacher

Video:  Growing Up For Girls - Marsh

This video combines music, artwork, and live-action photography in presenting basic information about female reproductive anatomy, emotional and physical transformations of puberty and the importance of good health and hygiene.  It also takes a look at the responsibilities of adulthood and promotes dialogue with trusted adults, promoting self-confidence as girls face the challenges of change and growth.

Video:  Kids to Kids Talking About Puberty - Tampax

This video is divided into six distinct sections dealing with puberty.  To introduce girls and boys, aged 9 to 14, into the world of adolescence, Kids to Kids covers the following: What is Puberty, Anyway?, The Pituitary Gland, Raging Hormones:  Part I, How to Find the Right Feminine Protection Without Even Blushing, Raging Hormones: Part II, Health, Hygiene and Happiness.  Only one segment deals with products for feminine protection.  This segment may be deleted or viewed and followed by discussion.

Video:  Straight Talk . . . Period:  facts about menstruation - (for girls) Playtex

A 20-minute educational video for young girls and their parents that addresses body changes and anxieties relate to menstruation.  Straight talk uses a unique, informal interview format to deliver information, answer questions, and dispel myths about this special experience.


Nurse


Objective: No. 5.5

The student will describe the effects of personal hygiene on one's self-concept.*  

Content

Teaching Information/Resources

Responsibility


Discussion focuses on those bodily changes in puberty that require special attention to cleanliness and their relationship to a positive self-concept and acceptance from peers.  Toxic shock syndrome and its relation to cleanliness are included.






*Gender separate classes when appropriate.



Students list normal changes that occur during puberty.


Discuss the need for acceptance by others.  Discuss factors influencing acceptance.  Discuss the relationship between personal hygiene and positive self-concept.


Discuss personal hygiene practices which increase acceptance by others.

- regular bathing and hand washing

- regular washing of hair before oiliness develops

- brushing teeth and obtaining regular dental care.


Discuss appropriate use of personal products:  deodorant, shampoo, conditioner, powder, cosmetics, colognes.  Discuss appropriate use of pads and tampons, toxic shock syndrome and it's relation to cleanliness.


Create a list of contact sports.  Discuss the need for athletic supporters to protect genitals during such sports.


Teacher

Nurse


Objective: No. 5.6

The student will recognize threatening or uncomfortable situations and how to react to them.  

Content

Teaching Information/Resources

Responsibility

These situations may include walking alone, opening doors for strangers, experiencing sexual abuse or incest, receiving obscene telephone calls, and facing dangers found in shopping malls.  Ways of protecting oneself and recognizing and reporting such threats are stressed.  The point is made, however, that most life situations are not threatening.


Teacher


Objective: No.  5.7

The student will be able to describe the effects and transmission of the AIDS virus.

Content

Teaching Information/Resources

Responsibility


Instruction will include how the virus affects the human body.  How it is transmitted through sexual contact and exchange of body fluids and blood through IV drug use. The importance of making good decisions vs. bad decisions will be explained.











Resource - local physician(s)

Factual information regarding the AIDS

Virus and its transmission.

Video:  A is for AIDS

The animated character Dr. Andy Answer explains to three youngsters the basic facts about AIDS.  Viewers learn what the AIDS virus is, how it can and cannot be spread, and how the immune system is affected.  Viewers also have the opportunity to meet two children who have AIDS and to learn that these people have the same needs and feelings as anyone else, and that it is okay to play and go to school with someone who has AIDS.


Nurse